resultant adj : following as an effect or result; "the period of tension and consequent need for military preparedness"; "the ensuant response to his appeal"; "the resultant savings were considerable"; "the health of the plants and the resulting flowers" [syn: consequent, ensuant, resulting(a), sequent]
1 the final point in a process [syn: end point]
2 something that results; "he listened for the results on the radio" [syn: result, final result, outcome, termination]
3 a vector that is the sum of two or more other vectors [syn: vector sum]
In mathematics, the resultant of two monic polynomials P and Q over a field k is defined as the product
- \mathrm(P,Q) = \prod_ (x-y),\,
of the differences of their roots, where x and y take on values in the algebraic closure of k. For non-monic polynomials with leading coefficients p and q, respectively, the above product is multiplied by
- p^ q^.\,
- When Q is separable, the above product can be rewritten to
- \mathrm(P,Q) = \prod_ Q(x)\,
- and this expression remains unchanged if Q is reduced modulo P. Note that, when non-monic, this includes the factor q^ but still needs the factor p^.
- Let P' = P \mod Q. The above idea can be continued by swapping the roles of P' and Q. However, P' has a set of roots different from that of P. This can be resolved by writing \prod_ P'(y)\, as a determinant again, where P' has leading zero coefficients. This determinant can now be simplified by iterative expansion with respect to the column, where only the leading coefficient q of Q appears.
- \mathrm(P,Q) = q^ \cdot \mathrm(P',Q)
- Continuing this procedure ends up in a variant of the Euclidean algorithm. This procedure needs quadratic runtime.
- \mathrm(P,Q) = (-1)^ \cdot \mathrm(Q,P)
- \mathrm(P\cdot R,Q) = \mathrm(P,Q) \cdot \mathrm(R,Q)
- If P' = P + R*Q and \deg P' = \deg P, then \mathrm(P,Q) = \mathrm(P',Q)
- If X, Y, P, Q have the same degree and X = a_\cdot P + a_\cdot Q, Y = a_\cdot P + a_\cdot Q,
- then \mathrm(X,Y) = \det^ \cdot \mathrm(P,Q)
- \mathrm(P_-,Q) = \mathrm(Q_-,P) where P_-(z) = P(-z)
- The resultant of a polynomial and its derivative is related to the discriminant.
- Resultants can be used in algebraic geometry to determine intersections. For example, let
- define algebraic curves in \mathbb^2_k. If f and g are viewed as polynomials in x with coefficients in k(y), then the resultant of f and g gives a polynomial in y whose roots are the y-coordinates of the intersection of the curves.
- In computer algebra, the resultant is a tool that can be used to analyze modular images of the greatest common divisor of integer polynomials where the coefficients are taken modulo some prime number p. The resultant of two polynomials is frequently computed in the Lazard-Rioboo-Trager method of finding the integral of a ratio of polynomials.
resultant in German: Resultante
resultant in Spanish: Resultante
resultant in French: Résultant
resultant in Dutch: Resultante
resultant in Japanese: 終結式
resultant in Polish: Rugownik
resultant in Portuguese: Resultante
accidental, accompanying, ado, afloat, afoot, by-product, circumstantial, consequence, consequent, consequential, corollary, current, derivation, derivational, derivative, development, distillate, doing, effect, ensuing, event, eventuality, eventuating, eventuation, final, following, fruit, going on, happening, harvest, in hand, in the wind, incidental, issue, legacy, logical outcome, occasional, occurring, offshoot, offspring, on, on foot, ongoing, outcome, outgrowth, passing, precipitate, prevailing, prevalent, product, result, resulting, sequacious, sequel, sequela, sequence, sequent, sequential, taking place, under way, upshot