# Dictionary Definition

resultant adj : following as an effect or result;
"the period of tension and consequent need for military
preparedness"; "the ensuant response to his appeal"; "the resultant
savings were considerable"; "the health of the plants and the
resulting flowers" [syn: consequent, ensuant, resulting(a),
sequent]

### Noun

1 the final point in a process [syn: end
point]

2 something that results; "he listened for the
results on the radio" [syn: result, final
result, outcome,
termination]

3 a vector that is the sum of two or more other
vectors [syn: vector
sum]

# User Contributed Dictionary

### Noun

- anything that results from something else; an outcome
- a vector that is the vector sum of multiple vectors

# Extensive Definition

In mathematics, the resultant
of two monic
polynomials P and Q over a field k
is defined as the product

- \mathrm(P,Q) = \prod_ (x-y),\,

of the differences of their roots, where x and y
take on values in the algebraic
closure of k. For non-monic polynomials with leading
coefficients p and q, respectively, the above product is
multiplied by

- p^ q^.\,

## Computation

- The resultant is the determinant of the Sylvester matrix (and of the Bezout matrix).

- When Q is separable, the above product can be rewritten to

- \mathrm(P,Q) = \prod_ Q(x)\,
- and this expression remains unchanged if Q is reduced modulo P. Note that, when non-monic, this includes the factor q^ but still needs the factor p^.

- Let P' = P \mod Q. The above idea can be continued by swapping the roles of P' and Q. However, P' has a set of roots different from that of P. This can be resolved by writing \prod_ P'(y)\, as a determinant again, where P' has leading zero coefficients. This determinant can now be simplified by iterative expansion with respect to the column, where only the leading coefficient q of Q appears.

- \mathrm(P,Q) = q^ \cdot \mathrm(P',Q)
- Continuing this procedure ends up in a variant of the Euclidean algorithm. This procedure needs quadratic runtime.

## Properties

- \mathrm(P,Q) = (-1)^ \cdot \mathrm(Q,P)
- \mathrm(P\cdot R,Q) = \mathrm(P,Q) \cdot \mathrm(R,Q)
- If P' = P + R*Q and \deg P' = \deg P, then \mathrm(P,Q) = \mathrm(P',Q)
- If X, Y, P, Q have the same degree and X = a_\cdot P + a_\cdot Q, Y = a_\cdot P + a_\cdot Q,

- then \mathrm(X,Y) = \det^ \cdot \mathrm(P,Q)

- \mathrm(P_-,Q) = \mathrm(Q_-,P) where P_-(z) = P(-z)

## Applications

- The resultant of a polynomial and its derivative is related to the discriminant.

- Resultants can be used in algebraic geometry to determine intersections. For example, let

- f(x,y)=0
- and
- g(x,y)=0
- define algebraic curves in \mathbb^2_k. If f and g are viewed as polynomials in x with coefficients in k(y), then the resultant of f and g gives a polynomial in y whose roots are the y-coordinates of the intersection of the curves.

- In Galois theory, resultants can be used to compute norms.

- In computer algebra, the resultant is a tool that can be used to analyze modular images of the greatest common divisor of integer polynomials where the coefficients are taken modulo some prime number p. The resultant of two polynomials is frequently computed in the Lazard-Rioboo-Trager method of finding the integral of a ratio of polynomials.

- In wavelet theory, the resultant is closely related to the determinant of the transfer matrix of a refinable function.

## See also

## References

resultant in German: Resultante

resultant in Spanish: Resultante

resultant in French: Résultant

resultant in Dutch: Resultante

resultant in Japanese: 終結式

resultant in Polish: Rugownik

resultant in Portuguese: Resultante

# Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accidental, accompanying, ado, afloat, afoot, by-product, circumstantial, consequence, consequent, consequential, corollary, current, derivation, derivational, derivative, development, distillate, doing, effect, ensuing, event, eventuality, eventuating, eventuation, final, following, fruit, going on, happening, harvest, in hand, in the wind,
incidental, issue, legacy, logical outcome, occasional, occurring, offshoot, offspring, on, on foot, ongoing, outcome, outgrowth, passing, precipitate, prevailing, prevalent, product, result, resulting, sequacious, sequel, sequela, sequence, sequent, sequential, taking place,
under way, upshot